What is Bitcoin? Everything You Need to Know About King Crypto

What is Bitcoin? Everything You Need to Know About King Crypto

Bitcoin is the first and most well-known cryptocurrency. It facilitates peer-to-peer exchange of value in the digital environment by utilizing a decentralized protocol, cryptography, and a strategy for obtaining global consensus on the state of a generally made public transaction report known as a "blockchain".

Practically speaking, Bitcoin is a type of digital currency that doesn't belong to any state, nation, or financial institution can be transferred internationally without the help of a centralized mediator, and has a well-established monetary system that arguably cannot be changed. 

Bitcoin can be seen as a system that combines politics, philosophy, and economics. This is due to the mix of technological characteristics that incorporates, the large number of stakeholders and participants it includes, and the protocol modification process.

The Bitcoin network is entirely open, which means that anybody in the world with an internet connection and a device that can connect to it may join without limitation. Additionally, it is open-source, which allows anybody to access or share the source code on which Bitcoin was created.

Why Bitcoin Was Created

Many of the most widely used currencies in the world during the 19th and 20th centuries were changeable into fixed amounts of gold or other precious metals. However, between the 1920s and the 1970s, the majority of nations abandoned the gold standard, in part because of the difficulties of financing two world wars and the failure of global gold production to keep up with economic growth.

Additionally, tangible assets like gold and silver were formerly exchanged for goods and services. However, because tangible assets were difficult to carry and prone to loss and theft, banks kept them for users, generating notes certifying users' bank holdings.

Users rely on banks to keep their currency's value stable and their cash protected. Unfortunately, some banks and other financial institutions collapsed globally in 2008 and 2009, enabling governments to bail them out at taxpayer expense.

Bank failures revealed how unstable the present financial system can be, as well as the necessity to decentralize financial services in order to improve user experience. As a result, Bitcoin was viewed as a response to the Great Financial Crisis and the financial world's dependency on banks as financial transaction mediators.

Satoshi Nakamoto proposed replacing banks in financial transactions with a peer-to-peer (P2P) payment system that does not require third-party confirmation, hence eliminating the need for banks to facilitate every transaction. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies gain trust through a network-based ledger known as the blockchain.

The blockchain was formally established on Jan. 3, 2009, when the first block, defined as the genesis block, was mined and had a reward of 50 bitcoins. Hal Finney became the first Bitcoin user when Satoshi Nakamoto gave him 10 bitcoins on January 12, 2009, marking the beginning of the cryptocurrency. For the first few months of its existence, the Bitcoin blockchain was only accessible to miners validating Bitcoin transactions.

How Does Bitcoin Work?

It is essential to realize that Bitcoin is made up of three distinct parts that work together to form a decentralized payment system:

  • The Bitcoin network
  • The Bitcoin network's default cryptocurrency known as bitcoin (BTC)
  • The Bitcoin blockchain

Bitcoin operates on a peer-to-peer network where users — generally individuals or organizations who desire to trade bitcoin with others on the network — do not need the aid of mediators to carry out and authenticate transactions. Users have the option of directly connecting their computer to this network and downloading the public ledger, which contains a record of all previous bitcoin transactions.

This public ledger makes use of "blockchain," also defined as "distributed ledger technology." Blockchain technology enables bitcoin transactions to be verified, stored, and arranged in an immutable and transparent manner. Immutability and transparency are critical attributes for a zero-trust payment system.

The network updates each user's copy of the ledger to reflect the most recent modifications whenever new transactions are completed and added to the ledger. Consider it an open Google document that constantly changes when anyone with access edits its content.

So, Is Bitcoin Real Money?

Money has always been regarded as a tool that allows value exchanges between participants in an economy, beginning with the usage of commodities like grain and advancing to precious metals like gold and then government-controlled fiat currencies.

The definition of money has evolved over the years to include a few key features such as fungibility, durability, portability, divisibility, and stability; all of these aspects apply to bitcoin, with the exception of stability for the time being.

Bitcoin is almost the most ideal form of money ever developed when we consider scarcity and other characteristics like censorship-resistance, programmability, and decentralization, as shown below.


Bitcoin can be useful to a large number of individuals. Since it is a global currency, people can use it anywhere without having to exchange currencies. The Blockchain is extremely safe, allowing you to ensure that your money is going to/coming from the right individual. People receiving Bitcoins will not have to pay anything for the transactions, and Bitcoins have a significant amount of support. All of these will undoubtedly help Bitcoin gain more users. 

And if everyone uses Bitcoin, it may probably replace official currencies. Although Bitcoin has been on the market for a while, there are still certain concerns regarding cryptocurrency, which will undoubtedly be addressed in the near future, as the small ones are avoidable concerns.